Frequently Asked Questions
Is industrial hemp the same as marijuana?
No. Even though they are both Cannabis sativa L., industrial hemp is the non-psychoactive, low-THC, oilseed and fiber varieties of the Cannabis sativa plant. Hemp has absolutely no use as a recreational drug.
Where in the world is industrial hemp grown?
Hemp is grown in a wide array of countries including Australia, Chile, Canada, France, Spain, and many more.
How can hemp be used as food?
Hemp seed protein closely resembles protein as it is found in the human blood. It is fantastically easy to digest, and many patients who have trouble digesting food are given hemp seed by their doctors. Hemp seed was once called 'edestine’ and was used by scientists as the model for vegetable protein. Hemp seed oil provides the human body with essential fatty acids. Hemp seed is the only seed which contains these oils with almost no saturated fat. As a supplement to the diet, these oils can reduce the risk of heart disease. It is because of these oils that birds will live much longer if they eat hemp seed. With hemp seed, a vegan or vegetarian can survive and eat virtually no saturatedfats. One handful of hemp seed per day will supply adequate protein and essential oils for an adult.
Is hemp legal to grow in the United States?
Under limited circumstances. More than 30 states currently have laws to provide for hemp pilot studies and/or for production as permitted by Section 7606 of the 2014 Farm Bill.
What are the benefits of hemp compared to other food crops?
Hemp requires little fertilizer, and grows well almost everywhere. It also resists pests, so it uses little pesticides. Hemp puts down deep roots, which is good for the soil, and when the leaves drop off the hemp plant, minerals and nitrogen are returned to the soil. Hemp has been grown on the same soil for twenty years in a row without any noticeable depletion of the soil.
Why was growing hemp made illegal?
How can hemp be used as a food?
Many populations have grown hemp for its seed — most of them eat it as
`gruel’ which is a lot like oatmeal. The leaves can be used as roughage. Hemp
seeds do not contain any THC and they do not get you `high.’
is fantastically easy to digest, and many patients who have trouble digesting food
are given hemp seed by their doctors. Hemp seed was once called `edestine’ and
was used by scientists as the model for vegetable protein.
the only seed which contains these oils with almost no saturated fat. As a
supplement to the diet, these oils can reduce the risk of heart disease. It is
because of these oils that birds will live much longer if they eat hemp seed.
fats. One handful of hemp seed per day will supply adequate protein and
essential oils for an adult.
What are the benefits of hemp compared to other food crops?
uses little pesticides. Hemp puts down deep roots, which is good for the soil, and when the
leaves drop off the hemp plant, minerals and nitrogen are returned to the soil. Hemp has
been grown on the same soil for twenty years in a row without any noticeable depletion of
requires less effort. Second, many agricultural chemicals are dangerous and contaminate the
environment — the less we have to use, the better.
various political factors, starving people in today’s underdeveloped countries are not taking
advantage of this crop.
How can hemp be used for cloth?
The stalk of the hemp plant has two parts, called the best and the hurd. The fiber (best) of the hemp plant can be woven into almost any kind of cloth. It is very durable. In fact, the first Levi’s blue jeans were made out of hemp for just this reason. Compared to all the
other natural fibers available, hemp is more suitable for a large number of applications. Here is how hemp is harvested for fiber: A field of closely spaced hemp is allowed to grow until the leaves fall off. The hemp is then cut down and it lies in the field for some time
washed by the rain. It is turned over once to expose both sides of the stalk evenly. During this time, the hurd softens up and many minerals are returned to the soil. This is called `retting,’ and after this step is complete, the stalks are brought to a machine which
separates the best and the hurd. We are lucky to have machines today — men used to do this last part by hand with hours of back-breaking labor.
Why is it better than cotton?
The cloth that hemp makes may be a little less soft than cotton, (though there are also special kinds of hemp, or ways to grow or treat hemp, that can produce a soft cloth) but it is much stronger and longer lasting. (It does not stretch out.) Environmentally, hemp is a better crop to grow than cotton, especially the way cotton is grown nowadays. In the United States, the cotton crop uses half of the total pesticides. (Yes, you read that right, one half of the pesticides used in the entire U.S. are used on cotton.) Cotton is a soil damaging crop and needs a lot of fertilizer.
How can hemp be used to make paper?
Both the fiber (bast) and pulp (hurd) of the hemp plant can be used to make paper. Fiber paper was the first kind of paper, and the first batch was made out of hemp in ancient China. Fiber paper is thin, tough, brittle, and a bit rough. Pulp paper is not as strong as fiber paper, but it is easier to make, softer, thicker, and preferable for most everyday purposes. The paper we use most today is a `chemical pulp’ paper made from trees. Hemp pulp paper can be made without chemicals from the hemp hurd. Most hemp paper made today uses the entire hemp stalk, bast and hurd. High-strength fiber paper can be made from the hemp baste, also without chemicals. The problem with today’s paper is that so many chemicals are used to make it. High strength acids are needed to make quality (smooth, strong, and white) paper out of trees. These acids produce chemicals which are very dangerous to the environment. Paper companies do their best to clean these chemicals up (we hope.) Hemp offers us an opportunity to make affordable and environmentally safe paper for all of our needs, since it does not need much chemical treatment. It is up to consumers, though, to make the right choice — these dangerous chemicals can also be used on hemp to make a slightly more attractive product. Instead of buying the whiter, brighter role of toilet paper, we will need to think about what we are doing to the planet. Because of the chemicals in today’s paper, it will turn yellow and fall apart as acids eat away at the pulp. This takes several decades, but because of this publishers, libraries and archives have to order specially processed acid free paper, which is much more expensive, in order to keep records. Paper made naturally from hemp is acid free and will last for centuries.
How can hemp be used to make bio-fuel?
The United States government has developed a way to make this automobile fuel additive
from cellulosic biomass. Hemp is an excellent source of high quality cellulosic biomass. One
other way to use hemp as fuel is to use the oil from the hemp seed — some diesel engines
can run on pure pressed hemp seed oil. However, the oil is more useful for other purposes,
even if we could produce and press enough hemp seed to power many millions of cars.
Why is it better than petroleum?
products are burned, carbon that has been stored underground for millions of years is added to the air; this may contribute to global warming through the `Greenhouse Effect’, (a popular theory which says that certain gases will act like a wool blanket over the entire Earth,
preventing heat from escaping into space.) In order to make biomass fuels, this carbon dioxide has to be taken out of the air to begin with — when they are burned it is just being put back where it started.
What other uses for hemp are there?
is gaining popularity in France. Isochanvre can be used as drywall, insulates against heat and noise, and is very long lasting.
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